Church of the Transfiguration of the Savior was built at the beginning of the 16th century in the village of Palaichori in Troodos on the occasion of the Feast of the Transfiguration. The church is now on the UNESCO list of world heritage sites.

According to the Bible, shortly before the Passion, Jesus visited Mount Tabor together with John, Jacob and Peter. There he had a vision, where prophets Moses and Elias came and spoke to him about the fact that human sins would be redeemed with the blood of the Son of God. Foreseeing his disciples’ fear and despair, Jesus sought to prepare them for His Transfiguration so that they in turn could strengthen the faith of others.   

The icon of the Transfiguration of the Savior, painted by a famous artist named Mateus Kotlomosios, hangs to the right of the Royal Doors in the Veneration Tier of the iconostasis. The paintings that decorate the walls include an image of Our Lady of the Sign, as well as scenes from the Communion of the Apostles, where the bread communion features all twelve disciples, while the wine communion has only eleven of them. You will also come across the Old Testament scene of Daniel in the Lion’s Den, as well as images of St. George and Demetrius of Thessaloniki – a Greek saint who grew up in a family that secretly practiced Christianity during the times of Emperor Maximian. Other scenes from the Christological cycle include the Birth, the Baptism, the Resurrection of Lazarus, the Transfiguration, the Entry into Jerusalem, the Last Supper, Christ Washing the Disciples' Feet, the Agony in the Garden, the betrayal of Judas, Peter's denial of Christ and many others. The northern side of the church depicts the Crucifixion, the Resurrection and the Ascension. The frescoes located just under the gable roof have been very well preserved and are the church’s most prized possession.